Most teeth erupt in humans in childhood. But from this rule there is an exception - the wisdom teeth. They appear later than all the others. It is believed that this is why they were given this name.
So what is the difference between "wise" teeth and all the others? At what age do they appear? Up to how many grow? And can not they break through at all?
What you need to know about the wisdom teeth.
The normal number of wisdom teeth or "eights" in a person is 4. This is the extreme molars on the lower and upper jaw, erupting much later than all other teeth.
But it's impossible to
Therefore, someone grows all 4 "Eight", someone has two, and some of these chewing elements may not appear at all.
Most often, wisdom teeth erupt in pairs. But there are cases when a person has only one or three last in the molar series.
Wisdom teeth are the most extreme teeth on both sides of the lower and upper jaw. Like other pairs of teeth, they are located symmetrically with respect to each other and are the eighth in number, starting from the middle cutter. Hence their dental name - the "eight".
Unfortunately, the peculiarity of these teeth is that they rarely occupy the right position on the jawbone. Often these molars develop and erupt with some anomalies. This can be expressed in their wrong location or direction of growth, which brings a lot of trouble to a person.
Since there were no milk teeth on this site before, the "eight" have to independently make their way to the gum surface. In this case, a person long before the eruption can begin to feel pain in this place. Often the appearance of a wisdom tooth is accompanied by inflammation and swelling of the eruption area.
Externally, wisdom teeth look exactly like other multi-rooted teeth. But in their structure the G8 has a number of differences. In particular, this concerns their part, hidden in the gum. Usually, these teeth have four, rarely five roots.
Sometimes it happens that extreme molars have only one or two roots. But this is only an appearance, in fact it is a few roots, merged into one. Often the root canals of wisdom teeth have bends, which makes their treatment or removal very difficult.
The eruption of the eighth molars is shrouded in a multitude of myths and prejudices. In this regard, patients have many questions related to their growth, which we will try to answer.
The beginnings of wisdom teeth begin to develop after the baby has had a replacement of milk teeth, and all 28 permanent teeth have grown. Usually this is the period from 13 to 15 years .
But they start to appear after 17-18 years, in some cases it happens only to 30 years. Up to this time, they grow inside the jaw. Formation of the roots occurs even later, when the "eight" has already appeared on the surface of the gum.
Most often, the eighth teeth begin to erupt in the period from 18 to 25 years .
But in due course these terms become more and more conditional. At the present time, it is not uncommon for wisdom teeth to appear in the 30-35 years, and sometimes even only in old age.
The exact time of growth for the wisdom teeth can not be called. For each person, it is purely individual."Eights" can erupt for several months or ten years, all this time causing pain and other inconveniences.
The growth of extreme molars is replaced from time to time by periods of activity and rest, they then freeze, then again they begin to move to the surface of the gum. This process can last for many years.
The beginnings of the "eights" are available to all people. But this does not mean that they will break through to the gum surface and on the dentition there will be a complete set of 32 permanent teeth.
The structure of the jaw of a modern man makes it increasingly difficult to erupt wisdom teeth. Sometimes they simply do not have enough space on the jawbone, and they remain in the embryo stage.
But there is also such a phenomenon as retinirovanny wisdom tooth. It is a full-fledged molar, but it is completely or partially hidden in the jaw bone or in the gum.
Such teeth, despite the fact that they never erupted, usually have perfectly normal dimensions. In addition, they can get sick just like the rest.
The growth of wisdom teeth is very individual. There is a difference in the time of the eruption of the eights, and their location on the jaw of a person.
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