To remove the tooth should not be taken lightly, because after such a procedure there are complications, as well as after any other intervention.
They can be caused by the behavior of patients, and can arise for reasons beyond their control. Consider the main causes of complications in the process and after tooth extraction, as well as the characteristics and methods of treatment.
Any tooth extraction can not be considered an innocuous dental procedure. Moreover, modern medicine with the introduction of tooth-saving technologies considers
Tooth extraction is performed only for medical reasons, when it is impossible to prevent the development of the disease in other ways. This procedure is not carried out during pregnancy.
Easy tooth extraction is performed with dental forceps. The doctor makes special movements that help to extract the tooth from the socket.
A difficult removal is a situation where the tooth can not be removed with forceps alone. The doctor first creates access to the root of the tooth by dissecting the periosteum. If the tooth is obliquely or horizontally, the removal is done in parts using special tools.
The method of tooth removal depends on each case. Only an expert can determine the tactics of such an operation. This is a very serious procedure, which in some cases can give complications.
Unpleasant consequences and painful pains after tooth extraction are associated with a number of reasons. Although the current level of development of dentistry reduces the likelihood of complications to a minimum.
So, the most common cause of bleeding is the pathology of blood clotting. Even taking acetylsalicylic acid gives a serious risk of bleeding.
The same can be said for patients suffering from hypertension. With the stabilization of pressure in these patients, there is a risk of bleeding.
Bleeding wounds can arise and as a result of such reasons:
Inflammation after removal of the tooth - alveolitis or osteomyelitis is provoked due to the following factors:
Perforation of the maxillary sinus occurs for the following reasons:
These are the most common causes of complications after they have torn the tooth.
After tooth extraction, the patient may have such complications:
Alveolitis is an inflammation of the socket after tooth extraction. In some cases, the hole may look quite normal, and the diagnosis of "alveolitis" is set by the doctor only after a thorough examination. However, in most cases, the hole swells, an unpleasant odor arises from it.
The visual inspection of the hole is empty, it has a yellowish coating, as well as food residues. In some cases purulent contents are found in it. The nearby gum is swollen, bright red, it feels painful to the touch. In severe cases, naked bone tissue is found.
In case of a violation, pains of a different nature are observed, acute or weakly expressed. They are often accompanied by a headache.
When an infection of the blood clot is noticeable, an unpleasant odor. In this case, there are often symptoms of general intoxication of the body - weakness, poor health, fever, fatigue.
In the acute course of the process, swelling of the cheek or gum is added to these symptoms. As a rule, the patient feels acute pain.
The doctor removes the blood clot under anesthesia. The lymph is washed with antiseptic solutions. At home, it may be necessary to wash the wells independently.
Bleeding often occurs if a large vessel is damaged during tooth extraction. It also appears after several hours of after surgery or even at night.
In this case, do not expect that the blood will stop on its own. At home, you can make a tight gauze swab and put it on top of the hole.
Cold should be applied to the cheek in the projection of the well. If there is no possibility to visit the doctor, then the hemostatic sponge will help, which you can buy at the pharmacy. Facilitates the condition of Diccinon.
In order to prevent bleeding, it is necessary:
After tooth extraction, natural healing of the well occurs, with a slight increase in body temperature. However, in some cases there is a risk of swelling, redness, and pain.
They say that microorganisms have got into the hole and an inflammatory process is developing.
In this case, it is impossible to delay the referral to the doctor, nor can you engage in self-medication. In the conditions of the clinic, the patient is provided with qualified assistance aimed at the removal of inflammation.
The hematoma is usually formed in the gingival tissue. It develops as a result of fragility of capillaries or hypertensive disease.
The appearance of a hematoma is indicated by gingival enlargement, redness, and fever.
The hematoma is treated at the dentist.
When the nerves are affected, the sensitivity decreases. A person loses touch, pain, temperature and taste sensitivity. Often the sensations are similar to those observed after the injection of an anesthetic.
Most often paresthesia passes in a few days. However, the full restoration of sensitivity can be delayed by several months. About persistent paresthesia, they say, if it lasts more than six months.
In the case of prolonged paresthesia, the patient is assigned combined medical preparations. Injections of Dibazolum, Galantaminum or an extract of an aloe are shown.
After tooth extraction, if there is an infection in the jaw, a flux develops. This is a purulent focus, formed in the tissues of the gums.
Among the signs of this complication, it should be noted strong pain, giving off in eyes or whiskey, swelling of the cheeks, redness and swelling of the mucous membrane, increased body temperature.
Treatment of flux consists in its opening and washing of the cavity with antiseptics. The doctor also prescribes antibiotics.
After tooth extraction, such injuries are possible:
Often during the removal of teeth, numerous complications occur. They are divided into general and local:
Treatment of a fracture depends on the severity of each specific case.
If the correct selection of forceps can be a fracture, dislocation or removal of the adjacent tooth. Often this happens when the operation is carried out roughly.
The dislocation of the jaw happens when the mouth is opened too wide. Treatment of a dislocation consists in its correction.
Complications also include:
So, tooth extraction can not be an innocuous and simple intervention. This is always a serious operation, which has some contraindications.
As a rule, an attentive approach of a doctor and the use of modern dental equipment minimizes the occurrence of various kinds of complications.
With timely treatment of possible complications, recovery comes, and the jaw functions are restored.
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