Clasp constructions are the most popular among removable dentures. They are successfully used for partial violation of the dentition and differ in the type of fixation, which determines the pros and cons of the clasp.
Clasp prosthetics is one of the modern methods of dental rehabilitation, providing a high aesthetics and functionality of artificial dentition.
Bugel in German means an arc, so the name defines the design features in which there is a metal arcuate frame, attached to it is a gum-shaped girder base and directl
The strength and reliability of such a removable orthopedic structure with a uniform load distribution at the same time on the mucosa and supporting teeth provides a metal arch.
Clasp dentures can be called an improved version of plate-shaped removable structures.
As a rule, such prosthetics becomes the only possible option when it is impossible to install non-removable bridges.
Today, clasp dentures are in the lead in popularity among other artificial dental structures. This is due to the convenience of their use and high quality workmanship, the ease of construction and the preservation of aesthetics of a smile.
Also, the role is played by the possibility of using this type of prosthetics in situations where it is necessary to prevent further loss of teeth, and not just to restore the structure of the dentition.
Features of this solution:
Unpleasant sensations when wearing a prosthesis can occur only at the stage of habituation.
Indications for the installation of clasp prostheses are:
Situations in which such prostheses are not recommended:
For more information on the stages of clasp prosthetics, see this video:
Depending on the material of the manufacturer, clasp dentures can be:
In addition, the braces are distinguished by the type of execution.
In such designs, special hooks are used to hold the prosthesis, which are densely placed on supporting teeth. The modification of clasps is determined on an individual basis and depends on the specific clinical situation.
Advantages of construction:
The only drawback is a violation of aesthetics due to the entry into the field of view of metal clasps.
Telescopic crowns provide high reliability of the construction and maximum convenience of wearing the prosthesis. For fixation, not only the patient's supporting teeth, but also implants can be used.
The low popularity is explained by the complexity of manufacturing bugels of this type and the high cost due to this factor.
Telescopic locks are in the form of a truncated cone with a detachable lower part fixedly fixed in the supporting tooth.
The tight fixation is provided by the precision of manufacture called the base matrix and the removable die. For the best fit, about 5-7 fixing telescopes are used( sometimes two supporting structures are sufficient to hold a bridge of four teeth).
Clasp locks feature a practically fixed fixing of the prosthesis. The main chewing pressure with this design is on the supporting teeth, which are worn with special crowns of cermets.
Thanks to the latent fixing elements inside the prosthesis, a high aesthetic quality of the prosthesis is ensured. Advantages:
Such braces are indicated for patients diagnosed with:
Along with the clasps in the design, metal spikes are provided for fixing each tooth separately.
As a result, it is possible to exclude a mechanical effect when eating on the oral mucosa and further loosening of the teeth.
Due to the complexity of the manufacture, the prosthetics are of a rather high cost.
This kind of clasp prosthesis is used in the presence of end defects of the dentition.
An important condition without which the installation of a clamp on the implants becomes impossible is the sufficient thickness of the jawbone in which it is planned to insert the replacement artificial structures that replace the lost supporting teeth( the implants serve as the support and fixing points for the prosthesis).
The method of fixation is determined by the doctor with dental prosthetics separately for each individual patient.
As already noted, the claws are easy to operate and do not require special care. At the same time, it is important to devote enough time to activities related to the cleaning of artificial structures to prevent the development of bacterial infection on the oral mucosa.
In general, care of bugles implies the following procedures:
In addition to self-cleaning clasp prostheses, it is sometimes necessary to process the structure in a dental clinic.
The need for professional care and repair arises from the accumulation of solid deposits on parts of the prosthesis as a result of inadequately conducted home activities.
The adverse effects of external factors and the wear of the structure can lead to breakage of the clasp. Removing the defects allows the device to be restored.
Reasons for repair are:
After repair, the reconstructed structure must be corrected to ensure a comfortable position in the mouth.
Restoration is not possible with the following damages:
Only the manufacture of a new prosthesis solves such problems.
To minimize damage to man-made structures to a minimum, it is desirable to clean the soft surface( folding several times a terry towel) or a water-filled container.
Also, avoid cracking solid food and get rid of bad habits( gnawing pencils, snacking threads).At least once every six months you should visit a dentist who will assess the condition of the prosthesis.
Evaluating the effectiveness of clasp prostheses is helped by the feedback of patients who have established structures of this type.
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