The dental stone causes a lot of inconvenience. In addition to the fact that it spoils the appearance of the teeth, it also has a devastating effect on them. The stone itself is formed from a soft plaque in which bacteria accumulate. The mineralization of the tissue in the periodontal pockets is not always noticeable with the armed eye.
Clear hard-to-reach places with an ordinary toothbrush is also not always possible. The upper and lower molars are the most affected, although in some cases tartar can form in the interdental space on the front teeth.
In fact, it is calcium deposits - the concentration of calcium salts in the tartar can reach up to 90%.The organic components of hard plaque include:
The color of the stone can vary from pale yellow to brown. There is a gray and black coating, which is more often observed in smokers.
looks like The appearance of tartar is preceded by a soft plaque. Crystallization of plaque occurs on day 10 of the in the absence of proper hygiene. Fully tartar is formed within six months. The density of the stone is high, which is why it is almost impossible to remove it by yourself. Without the use of special dental tools can remove the plaque in the initial stage of mineralization.
Single formations are usually rare. Plaque is formed either from the inside of the lower dentition, or in paired parodontal pockets. Accelerates the formation of plaque consumption of caffeine, alcohol, tobacco.
Even with good oral hygiene, plaque remains. As a rule, it is formed in that part of the tooth, which is difficult to clean yourself even by using elixirs and dental floss.
Mineralized plaque makes dental treatment and filling difficult. According to statistics, more than 60% of the adult population has a stone on teeth.
In the process of mineralization of the deposit, the microorganisms in its composition penetrate into the surface of the enamel. This explains the tight adherence of the stone to the tooth and the impossibility of its self-removal.
Scaling of the tartar leads to a displacement of the gum tissue, which leads to their inflammation. Plaque is formed not only on the teeth themselves, but also on the crowns. Penetrating the crown, the bacteria continue to destroy the tooth.
It is known that tartar can develop not only on the surface of the gum, but also in the depth, reaching up to the root of the tooth.
Dental stones come in the following forms:
Supragingival deposits are easier to treat and do not require preliminary preparation. To remove subgingival formations modern dental methods are used - ultrasonic cleaning and laser therapy.
To soften calcium deposits, special chemical formulations based on acid are used.
Dentists do not recommend using such remedies at home. High acid solutions can adversely affect the enamel and lead to tooth decay.
In rare cases, mechanical removal of tartar is used. It is used to remove single plaques located on an exposed surface. This method is characterized by high soreness and is potentially dangerous for healthy dental tissues, as a result of which dentists refuse mechanical cleaning in favor of modern hardware therapy.
The removal of subgingival deposits is preceded by sounding, which is used to determine the localization and size of dental deposits.
The main reasons for the formation of tartar include:
Hereditary predisposition also plays a role in the formation of dental deposits. This is due to the peculiarities of the water-salt balance and the specific composition of the salivary fluid.
To secondary causes of calculus formation,
Why is it important to remove tartar in a timely manner? Solid deposits are a favorable environment for the reproduction of bacteria. Subgingival formations lead to periodontal inflammation and the development of periodontitis. Among other complications:
What causes tartar and what it is dangerous to tell a dentist:
Treatment is the process of removing deposits and cleaning the surface of the tooth. To achieve the most stable result, the surface of the tooth, cleansed mechanically or mechanically, is ground and covered with fluorine-containing compounds.
After the procedure, it is necessary to refrain from using products that contain dyes, as well as from smoking and alcohol.
For how the sediment removal process goes, see this video:
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