Most adults are familiar with the unpleasant sensations accompanying the eruption of wisdom teeth.
But there are a number of symptoms, which should be paid special attention, preventing the development of a dangerous pathology - pericoronaritis.
Pericoronitis is the inflammatory process developing in the surrounding tissues of the gum.
This situation can be observed with prolonged eruption( which is especially characteristic of wisdom teeth), when the gum exfoliation begins from the tooth, so that the hood contributes to the development of the inflammation of the tooth rudiment.
Provocative pericoronitis can be localcauses, an
In the first case, pathology is caused by:
The tightening of the eruption process can be the result of the following factors:
In addition, the likelihood of the disease depends on age - the older the patient, the more painful and harder the eruption.
All of these causes lead to the formation of a gingival hood, under which a favorable environment for the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria and microbes is created.
Often the situation is complicated by the improper arrangement of cutting teeth that can come out of the gum at an angle. In such situations, pronounced pericoronaritis is noted with aggravation of characteristic symptoms.
This disease is classified according to the course( acute or chronic stage) and form( purulent or catarrhal).
Acute form of the disease
Acute catarrhal pericoronaritis is characterized by the appearance of aching pain in the surrounding area of the erupting soft tissue tooth. After a couple of days against the background of increased pain, there is a difficulty in chewing food, opening the mouth and swallowing. In this case, the following symptoms of the inflammatory process are manifested:
If no appropriate treatment is performed during the acute stage, pus begins to accumulate in inflamed tissues and the disease can move into the next, more dangerous form, while the patient himself often experiences temporary relief, which is incorrectly regarded as a recovery.
In the presence of an open exit for accumulated pus in the area of inflamed tissues, against the background of the absence of characteristic symptoms can be affected by infection of surrounding tissues and the spread of inflammation.
The pain is periodic, especially unpleasant moments occur when swallowing and chewing.
In the absence of treatment, a chronic purulent form of the disease develops with the following characteristic symptoms:
For pericoronaritis, diagnostic activities consist of a visual examination by a specialist and radiography that allows you to assess the area and degree of inflammation. Treatment involves complex therapy.
This surgery does not present any difficulties and allows you to save the cutting tooth. Under local anesthesia, the dental surgeon removes the formed mucous fold, preventing further development of inflammation.
Before the operation, the gum is treated with an aseptic preparation, after which, using a surgical scissors or a scalpel, the doctor excludes overhanging soft tissues. Then the wound surface is washed with an aseptic solution, treated with a hemostatic agent and an iodoform turunda is applied.
Such a radical method is shown in the following situations:
The final decision to remove is taken based on the radiography data. In this case, the operation can be carried out only after removing acute symptoms. After the extraction of the tooth is complete, the socket is cleaned and seams are applied.
Laser-assisted removal of the gingival hood:
This refers to the effect on the damaged area through the skin using a low-intensity infrared beam. As a result, the blood flow increases in the area affected by the inflammation, the edema and pain sensations are eliminated, the metabolism in tissues improves.
The disadvantage is the high cost of the procedure and its duration( duration of the course is 2 weeks).Contraindication is the presence of cancer in the oral cavity.
Can I remove my teeth during pregnancy? Read here.
Prefer to treat the gum with folk remedies? All the recipes in this article.
All about gel Kamistad for gum anesthesia by reference http: //dentazone.ru/sredstva/ kamistad.html
Immediately it should be noted the impossibility of a full effective effective treatment of pericoronitis at home.
Rinsings with herbal decoctions and infusions are effective only at the stage of recovery, when the procedures necessary to eliminate inflammation have already been performed in the dental office.
Self-treatment and prescription of antibiotics can result in serious consequences, which can be eliminated only in the hospital of the department of maxillofacial surgery.
The use of analgesic gels Kamistad, Holysal will give temporary relief of the condition.
Untimely treatment may result in the following health hazards:
The disease should be treated with the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease.
A timely visit to a doctor and following his recommendations become the key to a quick, successful recovery without the development of long-term treatment complications that can cause serious health problems in general.
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