Pericoronaryitis: treatment options and possible complications

pericoronite Most adults are familiar with the unpleasant sensations accompanying the eruption of wisdom teeth.

But there are a number of symptoms, which should be paid special attention, preventing the development of a dangerous pathology - pericoronaritis.

Pericoronitis is the inflammatory process developing in the surrounding tissues of the gum.

This situation can be observed with prolonged eruption( which is especially characteristic of wisdom teeth), when the gum exfoliation begins from the tooth, so that the hood contributes to the development of the inflammation of the tooth rudiment.

Contents

  • Causes of the disease
  • Classification and symptoms of the disease
    • Purulent pericoronitis
    • Chronic course of the disease
  • Diagnosis and dental treatment
    • Excision of the hood
    • Extraction of the tooth
    • Laser operation
  • Home treatment
  • Possible complications

Causes of the development of the disease

Provocative pericoronitis can be localcauses, an

d factors associated with delaying the process of eruption.

In the first case, pathology is caused by:

  • disorders in the area of ​​the erupting tooth integrity of the mucous gum with the appearance of surface erosions or small sores;
  • trauma surrounding the future soft tissue tooth , applied with a stiff brush or solid food.

The tightening of the eruption process can be the result of the following factors:

  1. gum disease over the wisdom tooth High-density forming the alveolar process of bone tissue .As a rule, by the time of the eruption of the "eights", the bone consolidates and hardens because of the absence of milk teeth in the projection of wisdom teeth.
  2. Absence of in the tooth row of of sufficient space for a cutting tooth.
  3. Thickening of the gum or covering the jaw of the periosteum at the place of eruption of the "eights".

In addition, the likelihood of the disease depends on age - the older the patient, the more painful and harder the eruption.

Many experts say the effect of such a factor as the reduction in the volume of the dental arc, characteristic of modern people. In comparison with our ancestors, the length of the dentition has decreased by more than a centimeter, so wisdom teeth are difficult to find a place for themselves.

All of these causes lead to the formation of a gingival hood, under which a favorable environment for the multiplication of pathogenic bacteria and microbes is created.

Often the situation is complicated by the improper arrangement of cutting teeth that can come out of the gum at an angle. In such situations, pronounced pericoronaritis is noted with aggravation of characteristic symptoms.

Classification and symptoms of

This disease is classified according to the course( acute or chronic stage) and form( purulent or catarrhal).

Acute form of the disease

Acute catarrhal pericoronaritis is characterized by the appearance of aching pain in the surrounding area of ​​the erupting soft tissue tooth. After a couple of days against the background of increased pain, there is a difficulty in chewing food, opening the mouth and swallowing. In this case, the following symptoms of the inflammatory process are manifested:

  • pericoronite swelling of the tissue fold over the tooth rudiment;
  • appearance of acute, shooting pain( touching the inflamed area causes pain in the auricle or temple);
  • reddening of affected tissues and noticeable swelling of the cheeks outside;
  • increase in temperature not more than 37.5 degrees;
  • headache.

If no appropriate treatment is performed during the acute stage, pus begins to accumulate in inflamed tissues and the disease can move into the next, more dangerous form, while the patient himself often experiences temporary relief, which is incorrectly regarded as a recovery.

Purulent pericoronitis

In the presence of an open exit for accumulated pus in the area of ​​inflamed tissues, against the background of the absence of characteristic symptoms can be affected by infection of surrounding tissues and the spread of inflammation.

The pain is periodic, especially unpleasant moments occur when swallowing and chewing.

Pericoronaritis photos

In the photo variants perikoronarita

Chronic course of the disease

In the absence of treatment, a chronic purulent form of the disease develops with the following characteristic symptoms:

  • symptoms of pericoronitis bad breath caused by purulent contents in the mouth;
  • lymphadenitis, affecting regional lymph nodes in the submandibular region;
  • redness and swelling of the mucous membrane above the cutting tooth.

Diagnostics and dental treatment

For pericoronaritis, diagnostic activities consist of a visual examination by a specialist and radiography that allows you to assess the area and degree of inflammation. Treatment involves complex therapy.

Excision of the hood

This surgery does not present any difficulties and allows you to save the cutting tooth. Under local anesthesia, the dental surgeon removes the formed mucous fold, preventing further development of inflammation.

Before the operation, the gum is treated with an aseptic preparation, after which, using a surgical scissors or a scalpel, the doctor excludes overhanging soft tissues. Then the wound surface is washed with an aseptic solution, treated with a hemostatic agent and an iodoform turunda is applied.

Subsequent treatment consists of rinsing the oral cavity with chlorhexidine or iodine-salt solution. If the inflammation has passed into a purulent form, appropriate antibiotics are prescribed.

Tooth Extraction

Wisdom tooth extraction Such a radical method is shown in the following situations:

  • lack of sufficient space in the dentition for a cutting "eight";
  • incorrect position of the tooth with the emphasis of the chewing surface in the bone tissue of the alveolar process or the adjacent tooth.

The final decision to remove is taken based on the radiography data. In this case, the operation can be carried out only after removing acute symptoms. After the extraction of the tooth is complete, the socket is cleaned and seams are applied.

Laser-assisted removal of the gingival hood:

Laser operation

This refers to the effect on the damaged area through the skin using a low-intensity infrared beam. As a result, the blood flow increases in the area affected by the inflammation, the edema and pain sensations are eliminated, the metabolism in tissues improves.

The disadvantage is the high cost of the procedure and its duration( duration of the course is 2 weeks).Contraindication is the presence of cancer in the oral cavity.

Extraction of teeth during pregnancy Can I remove my teeth during pregnancy? Read here.

Prefer to treat the gum with folk remedies? All the recipes in this article.

All about gel Kamistad for gum anesthesia by reference http: //dentazone.ru/sredstva/ kamistad.html

Treatment at home

Immediately it should be noted the impossibility of a full effective effective treatment of pericoronitis at home.

decoction Rinsings with herbal decoctions and infusions are effective only at the stage of recovery, when the procedures necessary to eliminate inflammation have already been performed in the dental office.

Self-treatment and prescription of antibiotics can result in serious consequences, which can be eliminated only in the hospital of the department of maxillofacial surgery.

The use of analgesic gels Kamistad, Holysal will give temporary relief of the condition.

Possible complications of

Untimely treatment may result in the following health hazards:

  1. Problems with the wisdom tooth Transition of inflammation under the periosteum( periostitis ) and lesions of nearby teeth .Against the background of fever, swelling, redness and soreness of the gums, general malaise is noted.
  2. Abscess in the form of limited purulent inflammation, in which pus is formed due to melting fat and muscle tissue.
  3. Phlegmon , which is a clear purge of diffuse purulent inflammation, gradually increasing in size.
  4. Damage to bone marrow of and bone tissue of the jaw( osteomyelitis).As a result, the inflammation can spread to half of the jaw, provoking dissolution of bone tissue and a pathological fracture of the jawbone.

The disease should be treated with the appearance of the first symptoms of the disease.

A timely visit to a doctor and following his recommendations become the key to a quick, successful recovery without the development of long-term treatment complications that can cause serious health problems in general.