According to statistics, 90% of the population suffer from periodontitis, but they do not even suspect it. The disease itself is dangerous, as it entails severe consequences in the form of tooth loss.
Today, there are many ways to treat periodontitis, but none of them can restore the state to its original form.
For this reason, it is better to perform preventive procedures in advance, which will help to avoid symptoms.
Periodontitis is an inflammatory process that locates in the peri-toothed tissues and provokes their weakening and destruction.
In the course of the disease, gums, cement, and alveolar processes suffer. If you do not take measures of treatment, the tissue will lose its connective properties and stop holding teeth.
Most often this problem affects people between the ages of thirty to forty years. It is also considered a crisis age from sixteen to twenty.
But this does not mean that at another age it is impossible to get sick with periodontitis, under certain conditions each person can suffer from the inflammatory process of the gums.
There are two forms of the disease, based on the duration of its course:
Also periodontitis is distinguished by the degree of spread in the oral cavity:
In addition to the above classifications, the disease is distinguished by the degree of manifestation of the symptoms of the disease. Periodontitis can be initial, mild, moderate and severe. Let's talk about them below.
There are many factors that can provoke the development of periodontitis:
Depending on the stage of the disease, the symptoms of periodontitis may differ:
physicians When symptoms of a disease appear, the dentist first determines the degree of periodontal damage and only then prescribes a course of treatment. First of all, professional cleaning of the oral cavity is appointed.
Active development of the disease occurs on the basis of improper hygiene, therefore, mechanical removal of soft plaque is used.
The doctor prescribes:
It is obligatory to carry out the sanation of the oral cavity. If there are tooth decay damaged teeth, you need to cure them. If necessary, prostheses are installed. In the late stages of prosthetics do not use, because the crown will not be fixed in the bone tissue.
To eliminate pathogenic bacteria and reduce inflammation, antibiotics are used.
For the treatment of periodontitis, drugs are offered in tableted and injectable forms( Cyphran, Lincomycin).
Recent studies have reported that the injection of injections into the gums negatively affects the course of the disease, as the increased concentration of the drug has an adverse effect on connective tissue.
Several methods of surgical treatment of the disease are used.
As soon as the teeth become mobile, the dentist resorts to this method of treatment, such as splinting. With its help, the load is distributed from the mobile teeth to the stable ones. There are three ways of splicing:
Periodontitis can be prescribed for gingivoplasty. It is necessary not only for aesthetic reasons, but also for cleaning and repairing pockets. The operation is performed under local anesthesia after preliminary treatment with an antiseptic.
The dentist cleans the contents of the pockets, removes dental caries and tartar from the roots, covers the tooth cement with a protective film. The gingival tissue is renewed with epithelium taken from the palatine part.
Often during gingivoplasty, bone tissue is restored or transplanted.
Gingivectomy is usually used in the early stages of the disease. The essence of the operation is to clean the pockets and remove the inflamed sections of the gum by cutting them. The wound is treated with a special solution and poured with iodine.
As a rule, gingivectomy is prescribed for complex operation in the area of several teeth. Often the procedure is confused with a scrappy operation.
Patchwork operation can be carried out in several ways, but its main goal is to clean the roots of a dangerous plaque and secure the gums in such a way as to hide the roots as much as possible.
Surgical intervention is performed under local anesthesia, the dentist cuts the tissue, spends the roots and restores the pieces. Often inflammation damaged areas of the gums are removed. Scraps of epithelium are joined by sutures.
Modern and relatively painless methods of therapy.
Modern treatment methods do not bypass the amazing properties of the laser. With its help, it is possible to purify the plaque with a bloodless method.
This is a much more effective method, since the mechanical effect damages the gums, which causes the periodontal disease to develop repeatedly in the affected area. Laser treatment is allowed even during pregnancy, which indicates its safety and effectiveness in the fight against periodontitis.
The laser works by means of an LED beam, which, penetrating into the pocket, has a direct effect on pathological areas, without damaging the tissue.
After using the laser, the cavity remains sterile, covered with a special protective film. This helps significantly increase the duration of remission.
This is another way of treating periodontitis without surgical intervention. German equipment allows for the treatment of periodontal pockets with a depth of more than 11 mm.
The effect is due to ultraviolet radiation, which activates the work of calcium and fluorine.
The finest particles begin to move in an orderly manner, thereby removing toxins, bacteria, plaque in a natural and safe way. In addition, polishing of teeth with the help of the apparatus Vector promotes rapid healing and restoration of tissues.
Periodontitis is a serious disease, the treatment of which is very painful. It is better to take all possible measures to avoid its manifestation, than later to fight for the preservation of teeth.
Modern methods of treatment, although significantly improved in recent years, but 100% of the disease will not get rid of.
Disease Periodontitis is often caused by improper hygiene and a lack of vitamins. For this reason, it is necessary to monitor the oral cavity before and after sleep, after eating. The toothbrush should be changed every three months, while choosing medium-hard bristles.
It is important to eat solid foods that naturally clean unwanted plaque. For this, fruits and vegetables, for example, apples and carrots, are most suitable.
Application of dietary supplements will help enrich the body with the necessary trace elements and improve immunity.
A good preventive tool is gum massage. It is enough to spend it in the morning and in the evening after hygienic procedures.
For the prevention of the disease, it is obligatory to visit the dentist twice a year for the sanation of the oral cavity. If a person has a predisposition to the disease, it is necessary, at the slightest signs, to take measures for treatment.
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