When a baby has a toothache - it is necessary to know

the milk tooth fell out The appearance of baby teeth for a child for many parents becomes a "terrible dream", but sometimes it is no less difficult for them to fall out when permanent teeth appear. How does the process go in the normal way, and what violations can accompany it?

Milk teeth are extremely important for the correct development of the body crumbs, since in many respects the formation of the maxillofacial device and the correct occlusion depends on them.

Therefore, it is important to know exactly how the replacement of milk teeth, and at what points should pay special attention.

Contents of

  • Causes and symptoms of baby toothache
    • Expanding the interdental spaces
    • Resverting the roots of teeth
  • When the teeth fall?
    • At what age do baby teeth drop out in children?
  • When permanent teeth break
  • Actions of parents
  • What can not be done
  • Causes of untimely tooth loss
  • Possible problems and solutions
  • Absence of permanent tooth in place of fallen

Causes and symptoms of loss of milk teeth

Prolapse of milk teeth due to the need to replace larger permanent teethin the process of growth of the jaw. Determine that the child will soon begin this process, you can by two characteristic features.

The widening of the interdental spaces

interdental spaces is observed at about the age of five. In the absence of sufficient space between the milk teeth, the growth of permanent teeth can occur with a violation, so the tight fitting of the milk teeth to each other should not be left without attention.

Resverting the roots of the teeth

milk tooth without root The process starts well in advance of the change of teeth( one or two years before the first tooth comes out).Dissolution of the roots leads to a gradual loosening of the tooth and its subsequent natural loss. In the photo on the left is a dairy tooth without a root.

When will the teeth fall?

Typically, the baby teeth in children fall out in the same order in which they erupted. The process begins with the incisors located at the center of the lower jaw, after which the central and lateral incisors of the upper jaw, small and large molars fall out.

At what age do baby teeth fall out in children?

denture pattern

Scheme of loss of milk teeth by age

You will find the answer in the diagram on the left. In general, to complete replacement of milk teeth on permanent teeth requires about 5-8 years, but this framework can shift depending on the characteristics of nutrition and drinking regimen( the chemical composition of drinking water matters), heredity.

Approximately 13-14 years the child does not have a single milk tooth. In this case, the girls' teeth change earlier than the boys.

All milk teeth fall out, and they are replaced by permanent teeth.

In the process of loss of milk teeth, dentists strongly recommend not to forget about the spatial balance. We are talking about the important function of milk teeth - to preserve a place for future molars. Therefore, it is important to keep the first teeth as long as possible so that the spatial arrangement of permanent teeth remains unchanged.

When permanent teeth of

are erupted In most children, permanent teeth appear in the following order:

  • Scheme of eruption of permanent teeth

    Scheme of eruption of permanent teeth in

    children; first molars of appear before the onset of dentition( age varies within 5-7 years);

  • central incisors ( upper and lower) - after reaching 6-8 years;
  • upper and lower lateral incisors - 7-9 years;
  • fangs, the first, second premolars - 9-12 years;
  • second molars - 11-14 years;
  • third molars or wisdom teeth - after 17 years.

Actions of parents

Usually, changing teeth does not cause discomfort in children, but still it is worth paying more attention to the child, paying attention to the following nuances:

  1. children Because of the weakened immune defense, the risk of caries increases, so you can save new teeth only by daily quality cleaning with a brush with soft bristles and toothpaste.
  2. During the period when the baby teeth fall out with the goal of disinfecting the oral cavity after each meal, it is advisable to rinse the mouth with using a decoction of chamomile, a baby conditioner or a usual warm water.
  3. To strengthen the enamel of incising permanent teeth, you should diversify the diet of the baby with calcium-rich foods.
  4. decoction If after tooth loss strong bleeding of is observed, it should be laid with cotton swab ( it is better for the child to bite it).You can eat and drink only after 2 hours.
  5. If the fallout process is accompanied by severe pain or inflammation with a rise in temperature, swelling of the gums, should immediately seek medical advice from the .

A visit to the dentist is also shown in the eruption of permanent teeth without loss of milk( it may be necessary to remove the interfering milk teeth).

What can not be done

In order for the tooth loss process to proceed naturally and without negative consequences, it is necessary to exclude:

  • deliberate loosening of milk teeth;
  • eating too hard food in the form of caramels, crackers, nuts;
  • cauterization of open wells with antiseptic agents in the form of hydrogen peroxide, alcohol tinctures and solutions.

In addition, to assess the condition of the teeth, you need to show the child to the dentist twice a year.

Causes of untimely tooth loss

How many years are the milk teeth changing to permanent? Tentatively, the change of milk teeth begins at 6 years. But due to the peculiarities of the development and growth of modern children, the timing of fallout can be shifted.

The probability of untimely onset of the process increases if there are such factors as severe maternal toxicity during pregnancy, short or too long breastfeeding, transferred infectious diseases.

If the first tooth falls before the term( up to 5 years), then this may be due to:

  • caries of milk teeth injuries if the child hits the tooth with a fall;
  • by abnormal deep occlusion;
  • started caries followed by crumbling of the tooth;
  • deliberate loosening.

Post-maturity is facilitated by:

  • rickets rickets at an early age;
  • presence of phenylketonuria or severe infections in the anamnesis;
  • genetic predisposition.

According to dentists, the later loss of milk teeth is much better than the early version. The deadline is 8 years old.

The dentist - the orthodontist will tell about the change of milk teeth: the orthodontist:

Possible problems and methods of their solution

Some situations that arise when the baby's teeth fall out and the eruption of permanent teeth require special attention. These include the so-called "shark" teeth, the delay in the appearance of permanent teeth and inflammation of the gums:

Shark teeth .Such a pathology is diagnosed by dentists if the permanent teeth begin to grow before the dairy falls out( in the end, the teeth of the shark teeth are arranged in parallel in two rows).As practice shows, this violation does not have a negative impact on the further development of the maxillofacial apparatus. Shark teeth are usually observed for a maximum of three months, after which the question is raised about the removal of milk teeth. Excessive soreness .In some children, tooth loss does not pass asymptomatically, and the child complains of severe pain, gums become edematous, the temperature rises. Usually the temperature does not rise above 38 degrees, but because of the load on the nervous system the child can quickly get tired, do not sleep well. In addition, inflammation of the gums may be the cause of a disorder of the stool. Eliminate unpleasant symptoms helps Dentokind, which not only relieves pain and inflammation, but also helps to stabilize sleep, restore the nervous system.
  • The appearance of the hematoma .Such a violation of the eruption of permanent teeth is noted rarely, but causes significant Calgel discomfort. The hematoma is usually formed at the edge of the gingival beech and has the appearance of a cyanotic or crimson-red vial filled with bloody fluid. Such an education is very painful, which makes it difficult to eat, the child becomes capricious and restless. As a rule, the hematoma goes away after a few weeks, when a permanent tooth is cut. To alleviate the condition of the child, you can apply an adhesive dental paste Solcoseryl, lubricating it with the area affected by inflammation. Also, pain-reducing dental gels Kamistad or Calgel with lidocaine as an active substance will be effective. In any case, the process should not be neglected, as the hematoma requires a compulsory examination in the dentist's office.
  • No permanent tooth at the place of the fallen

    Permanent teeth may be absent for several reasons:

    1. Retention .It's about delaying the eruption. At full retention in a picture the formed rudiment of a tooth is visible, but for any reasons he does not leave a jaw. This may be due to premature removal of the milk tooth, its late prolapse, wrong or too deep rudiment location. Retention can be partial, if the top of the X-ray of the retinas crown is cut, and the lower part remains under the gum for a long time.
    2. Adentium .This pathology is associated with the lack of one or more teeth( partial adentia) or complete absence of rudiments of permanent teeth( complete adentia).In the first case, the cause is the death of the rudiment of the tooth at the stage of its formation, and in the second - the violation of the intrauterine development of the fetus.
    If an alarm is detected, the orthodontist should be contacted immediately to select the next tactic( correction of the dentition with plates or braces or prosthetics).