Although both children and adults suffer from stomatitis, the disease is considered childish, especially when it comes to aphthous stomatitis, called "dirty hand disease".
Aphthous stomatitis, which is one of the most common forms of inflammation of the oral cavity in childhood, provokes staphylococcal, streptococcal and diplococcal infections.
In kindergartens, the disease often acquires an epidemic character and can develop simultaneously with influenza, measles, diphtheria.
With aphthous stomatitis, the mucosa of the oral cavity is affected by an infecti
Most often, the localization of aft( as a rule, the total number - no more than 3) becomes the inner side of the tongue, cheeks, lips or sublingual space.
In a number of cases, large-scale lesions are observed with simultaneous formation of the order of 10 ulcers that merge into extensive painful foci.
For the diagnosis of the disease, a physician should conduct a visual examination of the patient and interview him, forming a clinical picture. In order to differentiate this form with ulcerative necrotic and herpetic stomatitis, laboratory tests can additionally be prescribed.
Aphthous stomatitis in children can occur with the following symptoms:
Afts appear simultaneously, provoking a temperature jump, after which the condition stabilizes a little, but the child at the same time feels obvious discomfort due to soreness of the mucosa. After a couple of days, rashes may appear again with another increase in temperature. Against the background of such symptoms in the acute course of the disease, the submaxillary lymph nodes become enlarged and painful.
Often the diagnosis is made with a significant development of inflammation, which is due to the characteristic for the initial stage of the course similar to the usual cold. From the moment of the emergence of aphthus to the full recovery, no less than 10 days pass. All these days, there are strong painful sensations that make speech and eating difficult.
To date, dentists and pediatricians can not give an accurate definition of the causes of development of aphthous stomatitis.
But there are a number of factors that significantly increase the risk of this pathology:
According to experts, the ailment is practically unrelated to the development of acute respiratory disease in the child, but with accompanying high blood pressure and respiration through the mouth( due to nasal congestion), the mucosa becomes over-dried, so saliva is unable to perform its protective function. As a result, favorable conditions are created for the penetration of viruses and bacteria.
The causes and symptoms of stomatitis will be told by the doctor dentist of the children's clinic:
The type of aphthous stomatitis is determined by the nature of its course:
If you have any suspicious symptoms that indicate the possible development of aphthous stomatitis in a child, you should immediately contact a doctor( pediatric dentist or pediatrician) to choose an effective adequate treatment. Usually, therapy consists of local and general activities.
Therapy is carried out using antihistamines( Suprastin, Tavegil or Claritin), drugs to eliminate viral infection, vitamin complexes and drugs-immunomodulators.
Local immunomodulators in the form of toothpastes with lysozyme, lactoferrin, glucose oxide are especially effective. These enzymes increase the local immunity of the oral mucosa and make it resistant to the action of bacteria and viruses.
Older children may be prescribed Imudon in the form of lollipops( within two weeks every day you need to dissolve about 6 pieces).In severe cases, steroids and antibiotics may be prescribed.
Preparations for local treatment are prescribed, based on the severity of the process. At the initial stage, it is effective to irrigate the aphids with antiseptic Miramistin, which provides bactericidal action. It is indicated to children of any age in the absence of allergy to the components of the drug. During the day the procedure is carried out 4 times.
The first stages of the disease are effectively eliminated and thanks to the use of holisal gel, which not only removes the symptoms of inflammation, but also effectively anesthetizes the affected areas. The treatment is carried out 3-4 times a day. In severe pain syndrome, the gel should be used before meals. Restriction to use is a child's age of up to a year.
If aphthous stomatitis is at the healing stage and pain sensations are completely absent, it is possible to accelerate the recovery process with Actovegin-gel, which is an epithelizing agent.
Along with medicines to ease the condition of the child with aphthous stomatitis, herbal decoctions help:
Among effective for aphthous stomatitis funds are:
The doctor should choose the homeopathic remedy, focusing on the manifestations of the disease in the child in a particular case.
And, of course, we must not forget about the quality of oral hygiene.
Prevention of aphthous stomatitis in children is, first of all, regular oral and hand hygiene, cleanliness of the surrounding environment, timely treatment of caries affected teeth, balanced nutrition.
If the disease has already manifested itself repeatedly and the diagnostic form of aphthous stomatitis has been established, prevention means a number of measures that can prevent relapses:
The disease is easily treatable if the disease is diagnosed in a timely manner. Complex therapy and adherence to the doctor's recommendations can ensure a lasting result, supported by a thorough care, attentive attitude to the child and compliance with preventive measures.
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