Microprosthetics occupies a special position in modern aesthetic dentistry. This method has significant differences and advantages over the traditional method of manufacturing and installation of prostheses.
This method is used for a significant destruction of tooth enamel. The microprosthesis restores not only aesthetics of a smile, but also chewing functions.
There are two types of microprostheses, namely:
Microprosthesis is made in special dental laboratories on the basis of casting. The following materials are used to make the microprosthesis:
Microprosthesis is the process of restoration of teeth, regardless of the degree of destruction. Microprosthesis is an individual seal, in shape and color as close as possible to the real tooth.
This design belongs to the type of permanent prosthesis, which is fixed with a special dental cement mortar for several years. The average life of the microprosthesis is about 10 years.
The main task of this design is to restore the former appearance of a smile with incomplete restoration of the functions of the teeth.
Microprosthetics has a number of differences from the usual dental prosthetics:
The main indications for using a microstretch are:
There is also a number of contraindications, namely:
Depending on the degree of destruction, possible damage to the root, the health of neighboring teeth, and the wishes of the patient, the doctor determines one or more possible types of prosthetics.
Thanks to an adhesive method, one or more defective teeth can be replaced with bridges. This method uses special fiberglass. This material is very durable and has a long service life. The laboratory makes an absent denture with special protrusions that will hold it in your mouth. To do this, on the walls of neighboring teeth, the dentist makes small incisions in which the microprosthesis is inserted. As a result, you get a reliable, comfortable and aesthetically attractive design.
Veneers are special thin plates that are fixed to the outside of the tooth. With the help of a veneer microprosthesis, the following defects can be corrected:
In addition, thanks to veneers, you can safely protect the enamel from the corrosive effects of tea, coffee and cigarettes, which will preserve the normal color of the enamel.
The use of special tabs during the procedure involves the use of specific seals made of polymer material. Such seals have a longer service life than conventional seals, and can also significantly improve the appearance.
With a broken crown and a healthy root preserved in modern dentistry, it is common to use microprosthetics using pins. The pin is placed in the root and the crown is already formed on it. This method makes it possible to install a microprosthesis without the need for turning the neighboring ones.
The procedure for restoring a smile using a microstretch is carried out in two stages.
procedure The main advantages of this method are:
Among the shortcomings of microprostheses can be identified such:
Microprosthetics does not imply any effects on the nerve endings and nearby teeth, so it does not carry much risk to the patient.
During the procedure, the doctor must comply with the rules of antiseptic processing of tools and personal hygiene.
Also important is the general qualification of the specialist and the quality of the materials. With the use of low-quality dental formulations and non-compliance with the technology of prosthetics, there is a possibility of destruction of the microprosthesis.
After the installation of microprostheses, the patient will have to make minor changes to his habitual care of the oral cavity.
Inlays and veneers are very easy to use and can be cleaned with a conventional brush and paste. It is not recommended to use abrasive pastes and folk methods of cleaning soda and hydrogen peroxide. These methods will not brighten the dentures, but will only damage the artificial lining.
Bleaching and professional cleaning also will not yield results, but can damage microprostheses. The ceramic composition, from which the prosthesis is made, does not react in any way to the chemical effect from bleaching agents.
To avoid further deterioration, it is recommended to make certain changes in lifestyle and diet. Dental problems often cause a shortage of certain trace elements. To restore the balance of vitamins and minerals, you need to regularly use vitamin-mineral complexes and include in your daily diet more fruits and fresh vegetables.
A removable microprosthesis is a method of prosthetics in which a crown is fixed on adjacent teeth with the help of clippers that look like wings. With this method, you can replace 1 to 3 teeth arranged in a row. The prosthesis is easy to use. Because of the shape of the structure, it is called a "butterfly" or "bird".
The removable prosthesis can be made of nylon, acrylic or plastic.
The process of manufacturing and installation of the microprosthesis takes about 2 weeks and includes such stages:
installation Removable microprostheses are especially useful when cutting the front incisors. Particularly often used before the microprosthesis are 1-2 teeth.
To contraindications of the installation of such a prosthesis can be attributed:
The first time after installing the prosthesis, patients may feel some discomfort. This is due to the addiction to the prosthesis and usually takes 2-3 weeks.
Discomfort is manifested in the following sensations:
Care for these dental prostheses is simple enough. The design can be easily removed and put in place. After eating, the microprosthesis and oral cavity should be thoroughly rinsed with water. As usual, the prosthesis should be cleaned twice a day with a brush and paste. Before going to bed, the butterfly should be immersed in a special solution that destroys the pathogenic microflora.
removable dentures The main advantages of removable microprostheses:
Among the shortcomings of this technology is worth noting:
In different clinics the price of this service is different. In addition, the cost may vary depending on the following factors:
On average, microprosthetics costs patients from 5 to 20 thousand rubles.
It should be noted that the quality and aesthetics of microprosthetics fully justify their cost.
The cost of a removable prosthesis depends on the material from which the design is made and the number of teeth that need restoration. In different medical institutions, the price can vary between 3 - 22 thousand rubles.
Patients are very popular with the new method of restoration. Microprosthesis is a unique procedure that allows you to completely restore a sick tooth or replace an absent one. Here are some testimonials of patients who underwent prosthetics:
I used to be very complex because of the gap between the front teeth. On the advice of my dentist, I decided to install the veneers. With the help of this method, the doctor completely eliminated my problem, now I can smile and take photos without embarrassment.
In my time, I lost two sixes, namely their chewing surface suffered. I refused categorically. For this reason, my doctor suggested that I install special tabs. The color and shape of the tab completely repeat my natural enamel. I am very glad.
About a year ago she underwent the procedure of microprosthetics. The result remained completely satisfied. There is no discomfort, and the restored part of the smile looks absolutely natural.
I thought that my problem could be solved only by installing a bridge, but my doctor managed to please me, saying that it is possible to do with microprosthetics. The final result was just excellent, and most importantly the procedure itself took only a few sessions.
Modern dentistry does not stand still and develops every year. The next stage of development can be called the technology of microprosthetics, which helps in the shortest possible time and with minimal labor to restore damaged teeth, returning a pristine look of a smile.
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