Iridocyclitis is a serious ophthalmic disease.
It is manifested by inflammation of parts of the choroid of the eyes, such as the ciliary body and the iris.
This ailment can develop in any person, regardless of age.
The trouble with iridocyclitis is that it often becomes chronic, and it is not always possible to identify the cause of its occurrence.
If you disassemble the structure of the eye, we will see that the anterior section of the choroid of the eye in itself includes the ciliary body and the iris. Inflammation of the first element is called a cyclite, and the second is called irite.
Given the fact that both are close to each other, and also have a common blood supply network, the inflammation of one almost
Depending on the nature of the disease, it can be:
According to the nature of inflammation, iridocyclitis happens:
The origin factor divides the disease into:
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The disease can develop for a variety of reasons. Among them:
Infectious and rheumatic diseases account for 40% of cases as the cause of iridocyclitis.
Not the last place among the causes of the disease is occupied by provoking factors:
Iridocyclitis, as a rule, is characterized by unilateral eye damage. The first manifestations of the disease in the acute phase are characterized by symptoms:
If the iris and the front surface of the lens are spliced all along, a circular spike is formed. In the case of an unfavorable course of the disease, spikes create the danger of developing blindness, since the pupil completely becomes infected.
Each type of disease has its own symptoms:
Disease is diagnosed as a result of a complex examination using:
To determine the origin of the disease, the following are prescribed:
Immune status is assessed by a blood test on the level of serum immunoglobulins. Their presence in the tear fluid is also checked. You may need a radiography of the nasal sinuses and lungs.
On the characteristics of the symptoms depends on the need for examination by different specialists:
Conservative therapy consists of emergency measures and routine therapy.
At the very beginning of the disease( the first few hours),
Adrialine hydrochloride is used as a mydriatic solution in the form of a 0.1% solution and atropine sulfate is a solution of 1%.
For routine therapy, the patient is placed in a hospital. He is prescribed:
Autoimmune and toxico-allergic iridocyclitis can be treated with corticosteroids.
As antimicrobial and antiviral drugs, for example, antiseptic drops( Miramistin, Sulfacil sodium, Okomistin), antibacterial drops( Tobrex, Oftakwix, Floxal), antiviral ointments and drops( Acyclovir, Okoferon) are used.
The course of treatment includes detoxification therapy, the installation of mydriatic solutions in solutions to prevent the fusion of the crystalline lens with the iris. Also resort to antihistamines, multivitamins, immunostimulants, enzymes for resorption of exudate and adhesions.
Among the physiotherapeutic procedures are allocated:
Surgical treatment of the disease is addressed when it is necessary to separate the adhesions( dissecting the anterior and posterior adhesions of the iris), as well as with the formed secondary glaucoma.
When a severe purulent complication of the eye develops, its operative removal is prescribed.
To get rid of the acute form of iridocyclitis, use home recipes. Folk methods will help to facilitate the process of recovery.
Timely treatment of the disease with an adequate therapeutic regimen ensures a very favorable prognosis.
In 15-20% of patients complete recovery is seen due to treatment of acute form of iridocyclitis. From 45 to 50% of patients are characterized by the transition of the disease into a subacute recurrent form with less evident relapses, coinciding with exacerbations of the main disease( gout, rheumatism).
The transition of iridocyclitis into a chronic stage is possible with a persistent drop in vision. Launched and untreated cases lead to dangerous complications that threaten not only eyesight, but also the preservation of the eyes.
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The main rules for the prevention of iridocyclitis:
This disease is more difficult to cure in cold weather. Therefore, at low temperatures, supercooling should not be allowed and stay in the cold for a long time.
Depending on the cause, iridocyclitis may have a different clinical picture. Despite the possibility of relapses in some forms, in general the disease is treated well. It is very important not to miss the start of therapy.
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