Among proctologic diseases, hemorrhoids are the most known and often diagnosed. It is characterized by vascular expansion in the inner and outer cellular layer of the anal passage.
The disease is classified according to the following criteria: on the basis of percolation( acute and chronic) and form( external, internal and combined).
The clinic distinguishes 3 degrees of the disease: prodromal period, acute and chronic form. The chronic form( with enlarged internal veins) includes 4 stages of development of hemorrhoids.
The main reasons for the appearance of hemorrhoids include:
The following forms of hemorrhoids are distinguished:
In essence, the acute form of the disease is a one-time attack, it has no stages. External hemorrhoids is one stage of the internal type of the disease and is characterized by an increased severity of symptoms.
The examination is an important stage in the treatment, since the choice of suitable therapy depends on the degree of the disease development.
There are 4 degrees of severity of the chronic form of hemorrhoids:
Features and methods of treating hemorrhoids directly depend on the stage of the disease.
At the initial stage of the disease, the patient has virtually no signs and symptoms. For the treatment of small nodes, conservative treatment is prescribed, which often does not last long.
The doctor prescribes rectal suppositories( Proctosedil, Relief, Anuzol, Anestezol, Hepatrombin).
To reduce discomfort, you can use folk remedies( made from potatoes or honey candles, enemas made from potato juice, clay, propolis, camomile).
The initial manifestation of the disease should be treated in a timely manner so that it does not go into stage 2.
. As already mentioned, the second stage of hemorrhoids is characterized by increased symptomatology.
In this case, prescribed medication or traditional medicine. If you do not eliminate the disease in time and the causes that caused it, it goes into the next stage.
Prescribing vasoconstrictive drugs, bleeding stops wound healing medications.
In addition to rectal suppositories, lotions from medicinal herbs can be used on the rectum area, which have a calming, anti-inflammatory effect( lotions from calendula, sage and chamomile).
Discomfort can be reduced by taking sedentary baths with decoction of propolis, using ice candles.
Baths with chamomile, oak bark and special collection can help. For microclism, rosehip oil, sea-buckthorn or fish oil is used.
Such methods of treatment can be used in the absence of complications.
If the drug therapy is ineffective, the doctor prescribes minimally invasive procedures - photocoagulation, cryotherapy, the installation of latex rings on the nodes.
In case of bleeding, injections of Detralex, Etamsilate, Eskuzan drops are prescribed, Neufland gel, methyluracil ointment is recommended to eliminate pain sensations.
Patient complains of itching, pain in the anus, bleeding and discomfort.
Complications at this stage include thrombosis of the node with further infringement and inflammation. Serious treatment is required, sometimes operation, ligation or resection of the nodes can be prescribed.
Specialists advise to use complex treatment, where besides medical operation medical preparations are prescribed.
With frequent dropouts, rectal suppositories and ointments are prescribed. You can use folk methods( lubrication of hemorrhoids nodes with celandine juice, cut the bulb).
If the patient does not pay attention to the symptoms of the disease or is improperly treated, then it passes into the next stage.
Hemorrhoids 4 stages - the most neglected degree of the disease in which the patient always has unpleasant symptoms( itching, pain, burning in the anal area).
With each defecation, bleeding appears, which can be severe with further anemia.
Laser coagulation is used, accompanied by medication, ointments and creams that eliminate painful sensations and inflammation.
Other methods of therapy include:
In order to prevent the initial manifestation of the disease, a person must perform basic preventive measures, and with the manifestation of hemorrhoids, deal with the elimination of its causes and symptoms.
To prevent illness and reduce pain in an acute period of hemorrhoids, you should eat right, observe hygiene rules, eliminate constipation or diarrhea, avoid physical exertion, do not abuse alcohol and perform special gymnastics.
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