It is known that the herb of lemon balm was in high esteem even among the ancient Romans. About 2 thousand years ago, a healing broth was prepared from it, which helped to arouse appetite and calm down. From the Greek language the name of this plant is translated as "bee", and its lemon flavor acts soothing not only on the bees themselves, but also on the person. It is for this soothing property and soft lemon scent that the lemon balm is called "lemon mint", "lemon grass" and "hearty grass".
Melissa is very often confused with mint due to the external similarity of their leaves. However, these plants are different. And if you want to use the medicinal properties of melissa, then you will not need to learn its differe
Family clearing. The plant can reach a height of 1.5 m. The stem is branched, pubescent with short hairs. It exudes a light lemon flavor. Fruit smooth - 4 nuts. Flowers are painted in lilac or lilac color, collected in inflorescences of 6-12 pieces, form false rings.
Family clearing. The root is thin, fibrous. The stem is erect. Leaves ovate, pointed with a fragrance of menthol. Plant height from 30 cm to 1 m. Fruits rarely, fruit - 4 nuts. Flowers form spicate inflorescences, painted in a pale purple color.
Essential oils content
leaves and flowers contain
no more than 0,8%
leaves contain 2.75%,
in inflorescences - about 6%
Application in medicine
Medicine is an antidepressant, antispasmodic and antiviral agent.
Pharmacology - is an obligatory component of herbal preparations intended for the treatment of bronchitis, gastric diseases and neuralgia.
Application in cooking
Cooking - as a substitute for sweet pepper and as a condiment for soup, salads, game.
Cooking - as a flavor for cocktails, alcoholic beverages, baked goods, soups, hot dishes.
Useful properties of lemon balm allow the successful use of this herb for medicinal purposes.
Note! The effectiveness of melissa preparations is due to the presence in its composition of essential oils. The greatest number of them is contained in the leaves of the plant, which are often the basis of infusions and broths.
Let's enumerate the main qualities of the remedies that have a melissa in their composition:
Melissa is useful for colds, bronchitis and flu - a decoction from her leaves will eliminate heat and facilitate expectoration. It successfully lowers blood pressure, eliminates shortness of breath and relieves nervous tremor. The use of the preparations of this plant positively affects the functions of the heart: there is a normalization of malfunctions in the heart rhythm and the frequency of contractions decreases.
This plant promotes the restoration of the intestine, normalizes digestion, controls metabolic processes and helps to remove bile. Melissa officinalis is able to "cheer up" the body, strengthen its protective functions, and improve brain activity.
Being a natural antidepressant, melissa helps to eliminate the effects of nervous overexertion, it calms and relieves stress. For the same reason, representatives of traditional medicine are often advised to give infusions and broths of this herb to children who are hyperactive and can not concentrate.
And what is the use of lemon balm for women? In fact, her nickname "women's grass", it was not accidental. Decoctions and infusions made from her leaves are capable of the following:
Now we should talk about how to make lemon balm in various situations.
Neurosis of the heart, stomach diseases, asthma, respiratory diseases:
Toxicosis, painful menstruation, climacteric neurosis, inflammation of the appendages, increased sexual excitability:
Fragrant tea with melissa can be eaten daily. If you are worried about insomnia, it is best to drink it just before bedtime. In other cases, it can be done throughout the day half an hour after a meal.
Recommendation! Especially tasty and useful is Melissa tea, which will be added a small amount of mint and a spoonful of honey. It will help with pains in the stomach and eliminate excessive gassing.
Brewed green tea with melissa as follows:
You only need to drink this tea freshly brewed.
For the basis of jam it is customary to take berries or fruits. But in some world cuisines for this sweet delicacy they use completely unusual ingredients. Here we are going to prepare jelly from melissa.
Perhaps this sounds unusual, perhaps even strange, but after trying this dessert, you can not deny yourself the pleasure of cooking it again. And most importantly - it is very useful, as it is saturated with valuable components contained in the plant itself. In addition, the recipe for jam from melissa is quite simple.
The cooking process.
Tip! In this recipe, along with melissa, mint can also be used. The ratio of components in this case will be 1: 1.
Note! During this time, the grass will let the juice, and it will dissolve sugar.
It is obvious that lemon balm has a rather large number of beneficial properties, but, since this plant is medicinal, there are contraindications.
Since this herb is capable of showing a calming and sedative effect, it is necessary to dispense with the use of its drugs to patients suffering from hypotension.
In addition, the use of lemon balm is contraindicated in people whose work is associated with complex mechanisms, the need for concentration, and also requires motor activity.
Among the adverse reactions of the body to the preparations of this plant can be noted:
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